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Chai, W. L. and Hamimah, Hassan and Soo, C. Cheng and Atiya, A. Sallam and Abdullah, Mariam (2007) Susceptibility of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm to antibiotics and calcium hydroxide. Journal of oral science, 49 (2). pp. 161-166. ISSN 1343-4934

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      Abstract

      The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of six groups of antibiotics and calcium hydroxide against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm in a membrane filter model. Two-day-old E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) biofilm was exposed to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, erythr omycin, oxytetracycline, vancomycin, vancomycin followed by gentamicin, Ca(OH)2, and phosphate-buffered saline (control). After 1 h of exposure, the antimicrobial activity was neutralized by washing each disc five times in PBS, and then the colony-forming units of the remaining viable bacteria on each disc were counted. The results revealed that only erythromycin, oxytetracycline and Ca(OH)2 showed 100 biofilm kill. An ANOVA with a Bonferroni post hoc test (P < 0.05) detected significant differences among the test agents, except in the ampicillin group versus the co-trimoxazole group. It is concluded that erythromycin, oxytetracycline and Ca(OH)2 are 100 effective in eliminating E. faecalis biofilm, whereas ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, vancomycin, and vancomycin followed by gentamicin are ineffective.

      Item Type: Article
      Subjects: Medicine and Dentistry
      Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
      Depositing User: Associate Professor Dr. Wen Lin Chai
      Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2012 02:06
      Last Modified: 25 Apr 2012 02:06
      URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/1015

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