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Brudenell, A.J.P. and Collins, C.D. and Shaw, G. (1997) Dynamics of tritiated water (HTO) uptake and loss by crops after short-term atmospheric release. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 36 (2-3). pp. 197-218. ISSN 0265931X

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    A knowledge of the dynamics of HTO in crops and soils is required to validate models, such as the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food STAR-H3, which predict the ingestion dose following release of tritium. Deposition velocities to cabbage, lettuce and soil have been determined. The loss of HTO from cabbage is described by a double exponential decay; the faster component (t 1/2 53min) is attributed to vapour exchange and transpiration, and the slower component (t 1/2 15 h) to decontamination of stem and root tissues. Due to the long half-time (t 1/2) of the second component, the loss of the last 5% of the applied HTO would appear to be complete within 48 h. This represents a considerable increase over the 6-h loss period predicted by the current STAR-H3 model. As these components can now be resolvedfrom the above data, this may be a useful addition to the STAR-H3 model. Our data indicate that HTO loss predictions should be more pessimistic than the default STAR-H3 parameters allow. The effect of dark treatment on uptake and loss of HTO has been examined. Pooled data for soils are also well described using a double exponential, fit to the loss data. 1997 Elsevier Science Limited.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Abbreviations: HTO, tritiated water; OBT, organically bound tritium; HT, tritium gas; OM, organic matter; va, deposition velocity; I, half-time; %RH, percentage relative humidity; STAR-H3, short term atmospheric release of tritium; TFWT, tissue free-water tritium; PAR, photosynthetically active radiation; LAI, leaf area index; MAFF, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food; UFOTRI, Unfallfolgenmmodel fur Tritumfreisetzangen (Major German model).
    Subjects: Biological Sciences > Biology > Environmental Biology
    Biological Sciences > Botany > Applied Botany
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Dr Alistair JP Brudenell
    Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2012 18:41
    Last Modified: 13 Aug 2012 18:41
    URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/1327

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