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Nambiar, P. and Bridges, T. E. and Brown, K. A. (1995) Quantitative forensic evaluation of bite marks with the aid of a shape analysis computer program: Part 1; the development of 'SCIP' and the Similarity Index. The Journal of forensic odonto-stomatology, 13 (2). pp. 18-25. ISSN 0258-414X

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    Abstract

    Bite marks left on human tissue and bitten material have become an important aspect of scientific evidence used for the conviction or acquittal of a suspect. Expert opinion has often been based on subjective comparisons rather than any objective metrical analysis and many experts will agree that there is a need to employ additional comparative tests to achieve unbiased objectivity in their investigation. In this study, an interactive shape analysis computer program ('SCIP' - Shape Comparison Interactive Program) has been employed in an attempt to derive experimentally a quantitative comparison, in the form of a Similarity Index (S.I.), between the 'offender's' teeth and the bite marks produced on a standard flat wax form. The S.I. values obtained using 'SCIP' were evaluated in a variety of experimental bite mark situations. It was found that in no case could the S.I. values produced by comparison of the bite mark with the dental casts from non-perpetrators be confused with the much lower S.I. from comparison of the bite mark with the dental cast of the perpetrator. The use of the Similarity Index derived using the 'SCIP' program is recommended as a simple, accurate and objective means of comparing bite marks in suitable forensic cases.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 8 Export Date: 30 September 2012 Source: Scopus CODEN: JFOSE PubMed ID: 9227070 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Nambiar, P.; Forensic Odontology Unit, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia Chemicals/CAS: wax, 83062-05-9
    Uncontrolled Keywords: 'SCIP' Bite marks Person identification Quantitative shape analysis Similarity Index wax accuracy article bite comparative study computer program controlled study criminal law dentistry female forensic science human male normal human offender priority journal Bites, Human Dental Arch Dental Models Evaluation Studies Forensic Dentistry Image Processing, Computer-Assisted Least-Squares Analysis Pattern Recognition Predictive Value of Tests Reproducibility of Results Software Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Subjects: Medicine and Dentistry
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
    Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2012 02:44
    Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 02:44
    URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/1404

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