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Romanos, G. and Toh, C. G. and Siar, C. H. and Swaminathan, D. and Ong, A. H. and Donath, K. and Yaacob, H. and Nentwig, G. H. (2001) Peri-implant bone reactions to immediately loaded implants. An experimental study in monkeys. Journal of Periodontology, 72 (4). pp. 506-511. ISSN 0022-3492

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    Abstract

    Background: There are reports which demonstrate that immediately loaded splinted implants can be osseointegrated when they are placed in the anterior part of the lower jaw. The concept of immediate loading has not been well investigated in the posterior mandible. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone reactions around immediately loaded implants placed in the posterior region of the lower jaw in the monkey model. Methods: Six adult Macaca fascicularis monkeys were used in this study. A total of 36 implants were placed after extraction of the second premolars, first and second molars, and complete healing of the sockets. Three control (C) group implants were placed in one quadrant of the lower jaw of each monkey. After a delay of 3 months to allow osseointegration to take place, the implants were loaded for I month using temporary resin bridges and later for 2 months using metal splinted crowns. In the contralateral region of the lower jaw, 3 test (T) group implants were placed and loaded immediately with the same sequence as carried out for the C implants. Specimens were examined and evaluated histologically after sacrifice. Results: All of the implants were osseointegrated. Compact, cortical bone in contact with the implant surface without any gaps or connective tissue formation was observed. Conclusions: It was concluded that immediately loaded, splinted implants can be osseointegrated with a similar hard and soft tissue peri-implant response as delayed-loaded implants in the posterior mandible.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 423WW Times Cited: 53 Cited Reference Count: 27 Cited References: BABBUSH CA, 1986, J ORAL MAXIL SURG, V44, P274, DOI 10.1016/0278-2391(86)90078-9 BRANEMARK PI, 1983, J PROSTHET DENT, V50, P399, DOI 10.1016/S0022-3913(83)80101-2 BRUNSKI JB, 1992, INTEGRATION ORAL ORT, P108 BRUNSKI JB, 1979, J DENT RES, V58, P1953, DOI 10.1177/00220345790580100201 BUSER D, 1990, International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, V5, P165 Buser D A, 1988, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, V3, P173 Chiapasco M, 1997, CLIN ORAL IMPLAN RES, V8, P48, DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0501.1997.tb00007.x DONATH K, 1982, J ORAL PATHOL MED, V11, P318, DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0714.1982.tb00172.x HANSSON HA, 1983, J PROSTHET DENT, V50, P108, DOI 10.1016/0022-3913(83)90175-0 Ledermann P, 1979, Dtsch Zahnarztl Z, V34, P907 Ledermann PD, 1996, Z ZAHNARZTL IMPLANTO, V12, P123 Ledermann PD, 1983, SCHWEIZ MONATSSCHR Z, V93, P1080 Levine RA, 1998, INT J PERIODONT REST, V18, P307 Lum L B, 1991, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, V6, P456 Nentwig GH, 1992, Z ZAHNARZTL IMPLANTO, V8, P130 Piattelli A, 1998, J PERIODONTOL, V69, P321 Piattelli A, 1997, J PERIODONTOL, V68, P591 Randow K, 1999, CLIN ORAL IMPLAN RES, V10, P8, DOI 10.1034/j.1600-0501.1999.100102.x SAGARA M, 1993, J PROSTHET DENT, V69, P281, DOI 10.1016/0022-3913(93)90107-Y SALAMA H, 1995, INT J PERIODONT REST, V15, P345 SCHNITMAN P A, 1990, Journal of Oral Implantology, V16, P96 Schnitman PA, 1997, INT J ORAL MAX IMPL, V12, P495 Shirota T, 1994, J Oral Implantol, V20, P307 SKALAK R, 1983, J PROSTHET DENT, V49, P843, DOI 10.1016/0022-3913(83)90361-X Tarnow DP, 1997, INT J ORAL MAX IMPL, V12, P319 THOMAS KA, 1985, J BIOMED MATER RES, V19, P145, DOI 10.1002/jbm.820190205 Wohrle PS, 1992, J ORAL IMPLANTOL, V18, P382 Romanos, G Toh, CG Siar, CH Swaminathan, D Ong, AH Donath, K Yaacob, H Nentwig, GH Amer acad periodontology Chicago
    Uncontrolled Keywords: animal studies dental implants, immediate loading osseointegration dental implants titanium interface prostheses tissue
    Subjects: Medicine and Dentistry > Clinical Dentistry
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Ms Nursyafiqah Abd Malek
    Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2012 09:09
    Last Modified: 24 Oct 2012 09:09
    URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/1491

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