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Adams, A.A. and Murata, K and Orito, Y (2009) The Japanese Sense of Information Privacy. AI & Society, 24 (4). ISSN 0951-5666 (print) 1435-5655 (electronic) (In Press)

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      Abstract

      We analyse the contention that privacy is an alien concept within Japanese society, put forward in various presentations of Japanese cultural norms at least as far back as \citet{B46}. In this paper we distinguish between information privacy and physical privacy. As we show, there is good evidence for social norms of limits on the sharing and use of personal information (i.e. information privacy) from traditional interactions in Japanese society, as well as constitutional evidence from the late 19th century (in the Meiji Constitution of 1889). In this context the growing awareness of the Japanese public about problems with networked information processing by public sector and commercial organisations from the 1980s (when a law governing public sector use of personal information was first passed) to recent years (when that law was updated and a first law governing commercial use of personal information was adopted) are not the imposition or adoption of foreign practices nor solely an attempt to lead Japanese society into coherence with the rest of the OECD. Instead they are drawing on the experience of the rest of the developed world in developing legal responses to the breakdown of social norms governing interchange and use of personal information, stressed by the architectural changes wrought by networked information processing capabilities. This claim is supported by consideration of standard models of Japanese social interactions as well as of Supreme Court judgements declaring reasonable expectations of protection of privacy to hold in Japan.

      Item Type: Article
      Additional Information: Translation into Japanese published as: アンドリュー A. アダムス・村田潔・折戸洋子(2010),「日本人の情報プライバシー意識」,『明大商学論叢』,第92巻特別号,57-81頁.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Legal Aspects, Human Factors, Privacy, Regulation, Use/abuse of power
      Subjects: Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Others in Mathematical and Computing Sciences > Others in Computing Sciences
      Eastern > Japanese studies > Japanese Society and Culture studies
      Law > Law by area > Law by Area not elsewhere classified
      Social studies > Others in Social studies > Social studies not elsewhere classified
      Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
      Depositing User: Dr Andrew Adams
      Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2009 03:23
      Last Modified: 09 May 2014 07:34
      URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/209

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