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Canessa, Andrew (1998) Procreation, Personhood and Ethnic Difference in Highland Bolivia. Ethnos, 63 (2). pp. 227-247.

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Academic debates on the difference between "indians" and "non-indians" in highland Latin America typically revolve around issues of race, ethnicity ad class understood from an etic perspective. Although there may be a consensus as to where the boundary between one status and the other lies, how this boundary is understood varies dramatically between scholars, as well as between actors on each side of the boundary. This paper examines the identity of those denominated" indian" from an emic perspective. It argues that "race", "ethnicity" and "class" are insufficient in themselves to explain this level of social difference. At the root of the difference between jaqi (indians) and q'ara (non-indians) are understandings of personhood. An examination of procreation beliefs and understandings of personhood sheds light on how identity is understood. The dyads indian/non-indian and jaqi/q'ara are not, of course, generated independently of each other and this paper also examines how the one articulates with the other. Although the category "indian" is one imposed historically from outside, this does not preclude people's ability to generate a different understanding of that category from within.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social studies > Anthropology > Social and Cultural Anthropology
Depositing User: Dr Andrew Canessa
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2011 11:55
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2011 11:55
URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/462

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