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Amtha, R. and Ching, C. S. and Zain, R. B. and Razak, I. A. and Basuki, B. and Roeslan, B.O. and Gautama, W. and Purwanto, D.J (2009) GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms and risk of oral cancer: A case-control study in Jakarta, Indonesia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 10 (1). pp. 21-26. ISSN 1513-7368

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      Purpose: to investigate genetic polymorphisms in GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP1A1 and the association with the risk of oral cancer in the Jakarta population. Method: A total of 81 cases and 162 controls matched for age and sex were selected from 5 hospitals in Jakarta. Sociodemographic data using questionnaires were obtained and peripheral blood samples were collected with informed consent for PCR-RFLP assay. Conditional logistic regression analysis was performed to obtain the association between the risk of oral cancer and GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms. Results: GSTM1 and GSTT1 null were slightly overrepresented among cases (60.5% and 45.7% respectively) compared to controls (55.6% and 41.4% respectively), but no statistically significant differences were observed. In contrast, the distribution of CYP1A1 polymorphism was higher among controls compared to cases (52.5 % versus 42.4 %). The odds ratio of null GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes was slightly higher compared to wild type genotypes (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.70-2.02 and OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.72-2.05 respectively). Furthermore, the presence of CYP1A1 polymorphism did not increase the risk of oral cancer (OR 0.70, 95% 0.39-1.25). Conclusion: Genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP1A1 may not be risk factors for oral cancer in the Jakarta population.

      Item Type: Article
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Indonesia Jakarta Metabolizing enzyme polymorphisms Oral cancer risk
      Subjects: Medicine and Dentistry
      Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
      Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rosnah Mohd Zain
      Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2012 01:13
      Last Modified: 03 Feb 2012 01:13
      URI: http://opendepot.org/id/eprint/624

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